现代防御技术 ›› 2022, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (4): 107-115.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-086x.2022.04.012

• 目标特性与探测跟踪技术 • 上一篇    

防空反导雷达高作战效能人机系统设计方法

孙涛1,2, 龙庆华1,2, 巢育龙1, 董博3, 罗军1,2   

  1. 1.北京无线电测量研究所, 北京 100854
    2.雷达人机工程联合创新实验室, 北京 100854
    3.中国航天科工集团公司 二院未来实验室, 北京 100854
  • 收稿日期:2022-01-29 修回日期:2022-05-06 出版日期:2022-08-28 发布日期:2022-09-02
  • 作者简介:孙涛(1978-),男,北京人。高工,硕士,研究方向为人机交互设计。

Design of High Combat Effectiveness Human-Machine System for Air Defense Anti-Missile Radar

Tao SUN1,2, Qing-hua LONG1,2, Yu-long CHAO1, Bo DONG3, Jun LUO1,2   

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Radio Measurement, Beijing 100854, China
    2.Radar Man-Machine Engineering Joint Innovation Laboratory, Beijing 100854, China
    3.Future Laboratory of the Second Academy of CASIC, Beijing 100854, China
  • Received:2022-01-29 Revised:2022-05-06 Online:2022-08-28 Published:2022-09-02

摘要:

针对复杂信息系统与互联网产品在人机系统设计侧重点的区别,如何将功能需求转化为设计需求,突破传统粗放式设计,提高防空反导雷达人机协同和人机交互能力进行了探讨。提出了一种基于任务特征和时序、以效能为中心的设计思想和理论,给出了人机功能分配、智能辅助决策、台位分工、交互界面信息架构等影响人机系统作战效能关键环节的科学化设计新方法。实践表明,基于任务特征和时序、以效能为中心的设计理论和方法有效提升了武器装备人机系统的作战效能。该方法能够有效指导以防空反导雷达为代表的复杂信息系统的人机系统设计,并可为各类强时效性作战人机系统所广泛借鉴和采用。

关键词: 人机系统, 人机交互, 人机功能分配, 智能辅助决策, 台位分工, 信息架构

Abstract:

This paper discusses the differences of the emphasis of human-machine system design between complex information system and Internet products, how to transform functional requirements into design requirements, break through the traditional extensive design, and improve the human-machine coordination and human-machine interaction ability of air defense and anti-missile radar, and puts forward a effectiveness centered design idea and theory based on mission characteristics and timing sequence. This paper presents a new scientific design method for the key links affecting the combat effectiveness of human-machine system, such as human-machine function allocation, intelligent decision support, station division, information architecture of interactive interface and so on. The practice shows that the effectiveness centered design theory and method based on mission characteristics and timing sequence effectively improves the combat effectiveness of weapon equipment human-machine system. This method can effectively guide the human-machine system design of complex information system represented by air defense and anti-missile radar, and can be widely used for all kinds of human-machine systems with strong timeliness.

Key words: human-machine system, human-machine interaction, human-machine function allocation, intelligent decision support, station division, information architecture

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