现代防御技术 ›› 2020, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (6): 5-11.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-086x.2020.06.002

• 特约稿 • 上一篇    下一篇

变体飞行器智能自主决策与控制

王青, 刘华华   

  1. 北京航空航天大学,北京 100086
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-04 修回日期:2020-11-09 出版日期:2020-12-20 发布日期:2021-02-01
  • 作者简介:100191 北京市海淀区学院路37号 E-mail:wangqing@buaa.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61873295;61833016)

Intelligent Autonomous Decision-Making and Control of Morphing Aircraft

WANG Qing, LIU Hua-hua   

  1. Beihang University,Beijing 100086,China
  • Received:2020-09-04 Revised:2020-11-09 Online:2020-12-20 Published:2021-02-01

摘要: 变体飞行器能够主动改变外形满足不同飞行性能需求,从而适应不同飞行环境和任务,因此具有极高的发展潜力和应用价值。随着人工智能的发展,未来变体飞行器呈现出“智能化、自主化”趋势,智能变体飞行技术是最有可能带来未来航空航天飞行器革命性变化的技术发展趋势之一。首先结合变体飞行器的发展历程,分析了变体飞行器的发展趋势,指出智能变体飞行器是未来飞行器发展的方向。其次,分析了变体飞行器智能变形决策过程中亟待解决的关键问题,并以人工智能算法中的深度确定性策略梯度算法为例,提出了智能、自主、高适应性的变形决策设计方案。最后,针对目前变体飞行器控制设计中存在的难点和热点问题加以分析研究,重点考虑了变体飞行器强耦合、强不确定性等工况下的高适应性、高自主性控制方案设计,并提出了相应的变体飞行器智能自主控制的解决方案。

关键词: 变体飞行器, 人工智能, 智能变形决策, 智能控制, 自主控制

Abstract: Morphing aircraft can actively change the shape to meet different flight performance requirements,thereby adapting to different flight environments and tasks,so it has extremely high development potential and application value.With the development of artificial intelligence,the future morphing aircraft presents a trend of “intelligence and autonomy”.The intelligent morphing flight technology is one of the technological development trends that is most likely to bring revolutionary changes to future aerospace vehicles.Firstly,combined with the development history of the morphing aircraft,the development trend of the morphing aircraft is analyzed,and it is pointed out that the intelligent morphing aircraft is the development direction of the future aircraft.Secondly,the key issues that need to be solved in the intelligent deformation decision-making process of the morphing aircraft are analyzed.Taking the deep deterministic policy gradient algorithm in the artificial intelligence algorithm as an example,an intelligent,autonomous,and highly adaptable deformation decision-making design plan is proposed.Finally,the current difficulties and hot issues in the control design of the morphing aircraft are analyzed,focusing on the design of highly adaptable and highly autonomous control schemes under the strong coupling and strong uncertainty of the morphing aircraft.A solution for the intelligent autonomous control of the corresponding morphing aircraft is proposed.

Key words: morphing aircraft, artificial intelligence, intelligent deformation decision, intelligent control, autonomous control

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