现代防御技术 ›› 2022, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (5): 8-13.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-086x.2022.05.002

• 空天防御体系与武器 • 上一篇    下一篇

无人潜航器作战运用模式及关键技术

孙盛智1, 苗壮2, 李杨3, 罗云1, 郑卫娟1, 盛碧琦1   

  1. 1.武警海警学院,浙江 宁波 315801
    2.军事科学信息研究中心,北京 100142
    3.中国海警局,北京 100195
  • 收稿日期:2021-12-04 修回日期:2022-02-17 出版日期:2022-10-28 发布日期:2022-11-03
  • 作者简介:孙盛智(1985-),男,山东诸城人。副教授,博士,研究方向为军事智能作战。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61401105)

Operational Application Mode and Key Technologies of Unmanned Underwater Vehicle

Sheng-zhi SUN1, Zhuang MIAO2, Yang LI3, Yun LUO1, Wei-juan ZHENG1, Bi-qi SHENG1   

  1. 1.China Coast Guard Academy, Zhejiang Ningbo 315801, China
    2.Information Research Center for Military Science, Beijing 100142, China
    3.China Coast Guard, Beijing 100195, China
  • Received:2021-12-04 Revised:2022-02-17 Online:2022-10-28 Published:2022-11-03

摘要:

随着无人潜航器技术的逐步成熟,研究其在现代水下作战中的运用,是完善未来水下作战理论的重要依据。分析了无人潜航器实现隐蔽跟踪、发动突然袭击和迷惑敌方攻击的作战需求,从提升水下作战能力的角度出发,研究无人潜航器被动集中式、半主动分布式和驻地分布式3种作战运用模式。为适应未来水下高强度作战节奏,提出无人潜航器深潜通信、自主控制和水下布放与回收等关键技术,为无人潜航器水下作战理论发展提供重要现实依据。

关键词: 无人潜航器, 作战需求, 作战运用模式, 关键技术, 作战理论

Abstract:

With the gradual maturity of unmanned underwater vehicle(UUV), the study of its application in modern underwater warfare is an important basis for improving the theory of future underwater warfare. This paper analyzes the operational requirements of UUV about covert pursuit,launching a surprise attack and confusing enemy and attack, and researches three operational modes of UUV: passive centralized type, semi-active distribution type and resident distribution type, from the perspective of improving underwater combat capabilities. In addition, in order to adapt to the future underwater high-intensity warfare, the key technologies such as deep-diving communication, autonomous control and underwater distribution and recovery of UUV are proposed to provide an important practical basis for the development of UUV combat theory.

Key words: unmanned underwater vehicle, operational requirement, operational application mode, key technologies, operational theory

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