现代防御技术 ›› 2020, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (2): 22-29.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-086x.2020.02.004

• 空天防御体系与武器 • 上一篇    下一篇

海域环境舰船应对异构无人集群防御构想

张耀华, 袁俊, 杨小艳, 宋申民   

  1. 哈尔滨工业大学 控制理论与制导技术研究中心,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150001
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-30 修回日期:2020-03-10 出版日期:2020-04-20 发布日期:2021-01-20
  • 作者简介:张耀华(1994-),男,山东泰安人。硕士生,主要从事飞行器制导与控制研究。通信地址:150001 黑龙江省哈尔滨市哈尔滨工业大学科学园2F栋 E-mail:zhang_yao_hua@126.com

Defense Concept of Marine Ship Againsting Heterogeneous Unmanned Swarm System

ZHANG Yao-hua, YUAN Jun, YANG Xiao-yan, SONG Shen-min   

  1. Harbin Institute of Technology,Center for Control Theory and Guidance Technology,Heilognjiang Harbin 150001,China
  • Received:2019-09-30 Revised:2020-03-10 Online:2020-04-20 Published:2021-01-20

摘要: 针对新形势下海域舰船防御体系构建的迫切需求及无人系统集群技术迅猛发展成为新型威胁的现状,设想海域舰船遭遇空中无人机集群和水下无人潜航器集群威胁,并以此展开防御构想,从无人系统探测预警与拦截应对2个方面,探讨可供选择的应对方式,从预警后被动防御和预先探测主动防御2个角度,分别给出空中与水下总体防御方案构想。对于防御构想中涉及的相关技术予以说明,给出发展建议及待解决的关键技术,并对未来舰船体系发展进行展望。该构想对未来舰船防御体系具有积极的参考价值和现实意义,对未来的舰船装备建设提供初步可行的研究思路。

关键词: 海域舰船, 异构集群系统, 无人驾驶飞机, 水下无人潜航器, 探测, 拦截

Abstract: Considering the urgent need for the construction of marine ship defense system under the new situation and the present condition about rapid development of unmanned system swarm technology as a new type of threat,a kind of defense concept and alternative solution from the aspects of the detection and interception in a setting of marine ship encountering the threat of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) swarms and UUV is proposed unmanned underwater vehicle swarms.In detail,different defense concepts under the circumstances of air and underwater are given from two perspectives of defense strategy which are passive defense after alarming and active defense for pre-detecting.what’s more,the relevant technologies involved in the defense concept is explained,suggestions about corresponding development and the key technologies which need to be solved are given.The conception has a positive reference value and practical significance for the future ship defense system,and provides preliminary and feasible research ideas for the future ship equipment construction.

Key words: marine ship, heterogeneous swarm system, unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV), unmanned underwater vehicle(UUV), detection, interception

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