现代防御技术 ›› 2022, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (4): 116-123.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-086x.2022.04.013

• 目标特性与探测跟踪技术 • 上一篇    

高超声速/常规巡航导弹预警探测特征比较

郑建成1,2, 谭贤四1, 曲智国1, 何文琳3, 李志淮1   

  1. 1.空军预警学院, 湖北 武汉 430019
    2.中国人民解放军95246部队, 广西 南宁 530007
    3.中国人民解放军联勤保障部队, 湖北 武汉 430019
  • 收稿日期:2022-01-09 修回日期:2022-03-10 出版日期:2022-08-28 发布日期:2022-09-02
  • 作者简介:郑建成(1986-),男,湖北红安人。工程师,博士生,研究方向为反临预警装备体系探测与运用研究。

Comparison of Early Warning Detection Characteristics Between Hypersonic Cruise Missile and Cruise Missile

Jian-cheng ZHENG1,2, Xian-si TAN1, Zhi-guo QU1, Wen-lin HE3, Zhi-huai LI1   

  1. 1.Air Force Early Warnning Academy, Hubei Wuhan 430019, China
    2.PLA, No. 95246 Troop, Guangxi Nanning 530007, China
    3.PLA Joint Logistic Support Force, Hubei Wuhan 430300, China
  • Received:2022-01-09 Revised:2022-03-10 Online:2022-08-28 Published:2022-09-02

摘要:

为厘清防御方对来袭临近空间高超声速巡航导弹性能的认识进而改进现有导弹防御策略,从体系预警探测的角度对其与巡航导弹之间的特征进行了比较分析。通过建立颗粒度适中的目标运动模型、红外探测模型和雷达探测模型,详细、定量对比分析了2类目标巡航高度和飞行速度对地基预警体系的影响及其红外辐射可探测性。分析结果表明,高超声速巡航导弹红外辐射强度更大,使得红外探测器对其探测距离更远;尽管高超声速巡航导弹速度更快,但纵向射程相同时,其相对更高的飞行高度使得地基雷达对其提供的预警时间更长。

关键词: 防御方, 高超声速, 巡航导弹, 性能模型, 红外辐射, 雷达探测, 预警时间

Abstract:

In order to clarify a defensive party’s understanding of the threat of incoming hypersonic cruise missiles(HCMs) in near space and improve the existing missile defense strategy, the characteristics between HCM and cruise missile are compared and analyzed from the perspective of early warning system. By establishing target motion model, infrared detection model and radar detection model with moderate particle size, the influence of the cruising altitude and flying speed of the two kinds of targets on the ground-based early warning system and the infrared detectability are analyzed in detail and quantitatively. The results of comparative analysis show that the detection range of HCMs provided by the infrared detector is longer due to its stronger infrared radiation intensity. Although HCMs are faster than cruise missiles, the early warning time provided by the ground-based radar of HCMs with the same downrange is longer because of its higher altitude.

Key words: defensive party, hypersonic, cruise missile, performance model, infrared radiation, radar detection, early warning time

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